Monument record MDR9622 - Amber Wharf lime kilns, aka Crich Lime Works (site of), Ambergate
Type and Period (1)
- LIME WORKS (Georgian to Mid 20th Century - 1793 AD to 1950 AD)
- None recorded
The site of the Butterley Company's Amber Wharf is now occupied by the EM Gas Plant (1973). The kilns were opened shortly after the completion of the Cromford Canal in 1793. The Butterley Co had been acquiring land in Crich for their quarry from 1791 onwards and, following the opening of the canal, the quarry was linked with the canal at Bull Bridge by a tramway. The kilns remained in production until the 1950's. They were completely demolished to make way for the Gas Plant. (1) The large stone built kilns were erected by George Stephenson and built with stone sleepers cut for the Midland Railway, (4) Shown on late 19th century OS maps as 'Ambergate Works (Lime)', with at least 20 kilns depicted, as well as a number of small buildings, railway or tramway lines and a shaft. (5, 6) The Ambergate gasworks- built just before the advent of North Sea gas- has to all intents and purposes obliterated all trace of the extensive horseshoe of Clay Cross Companies limekilns, inclined plane which linked to Crich quarries and section of Cromford Canal that formally occupied the site. (7)
- <1> SDR19111 Index: Council for British Archaeology (CBA). CBA Industrial Archaeology Report Card. Lime kilns, Amber Wharf.
- <2> SDR18789 Map: Ordnance Survey (OS). 1882. OS County Series, 1st edition, scale 1:2500 (c. 25" to one mile). Derbyshire XL.11.
- <3> SDR18867 Map: Ordnance Survey (OS). 1937-38. OS County Series, Third Revision, scale 1:2500 (c. 25" to one mile). Derbyshire XL.11.
- <4> SDR19111 Index: Council for British Archaeology (CBA). CBA Industrial Archaeology Report Card. Limekilns, 1962.
- <5> SDR18789 Map: Ordnance Survey (OS). 1882. OS County Series, 1st edition, scale 1:2500 (c. 25" to one mile). Sheet XL.V.
- <6> SDR18790 Map: Ordnance Survey (OS). 1896-1900. OS County Series, 2nd edition (1st revision), scale 1:2500 (c. 25" to one mile). Sheet XL.V, 1900.
- <7> SDR22089 Bibliographic reference: Fowkes, D (ed.). 2011. Derbyshire Industrial Archaeology: A Gazetteer of Sites, Part III, Borough of Amber Valley (second edition). pp. 24.
|Grid reference||Centred SK 35299 51991 (328m by 161m) (Approximate)|
|Civil Parish||RIPLEY, AMBER VALLEY, DERBYSHIRE|
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Record last edited
Jan 29 2018 12:33PM