Monument record MDR3866 - Mount Pleasant Mine and Basrobin Sough, Wensley, South Daley
Type and Period (8)
- STRIP LYNCHET (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
- LEAD MINE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- DRAINAGE LEVEL (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- BUDDLE (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- SHAFT (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- WASHING FLOOR (Post Medieval - 1540 AD to 1900 AD)
- SETTLEMENT (Roman - 43 AD to 409 AD)
- RIDGE AND FURROW (Medieval - 1066 AD to 1539 AD)
Lynchets, half-a-mile S.W. of Oaker Hill near Snitterton. (1) SK 263 608. Strip lynchets. (2) A pronounced series of lynchets, in part cut into by surface quarrying. (3) An extensive series of lead mining hillocks overlying developed lynchets, demonstrating the chronological relationship between the agricultural and mining activity. There area washing grounds, buddles, open cuts and shafts. Mount Pleasant mine is 15m deep into an old cave system which was modified by miners both for drainage & for ore mining. Babrobin sough was driven 1767-1771 to drain the system. George Tissington used this area in his 1767 manuscript section when demonstrating the relationship between the 1st and 2nd limestones and toadstones. The geological section published by Whitehurst in 1778 goes virtually through this site. He records the help he received from the miners here and from George Tissington who probably influenced the interpretation of the geological stratigraphy. (4) Photographic record of Wensley lynchets. (6) Davis and Mount Pleasant Mines, and Basrobin Sough consists of hillocks along numerous small pipe and vein workings, many still relatively intact within the area defined. There are many capped shafts, opencuts (some from 19th century reworking), stone lined leats or trunk buddles, and buddle dams (some very large and including two fine banked sets. One long leat links a shaft to buddle dams. Basrobin Sough has a walled 'well' enclosure at the entrance to the slabbed level. The Mount Pleasant and Daivs Mines are not documented as having been explored in recent times but may well be important. Basrobin Sough can be followed for some distance underground. The site as a whole has extensive surface evidence for the relative age of mining, medieval strip lynchets/ridge and furrow and Romano-British settlements. [See also Tearsall Pasture Lead Mines SMR 12704] (7) Site monitoring has been carried out and site appears not to be under threat. (8)
- <1> SDR7900 Article in serial: Young, W. 1928-1929. 'A note on lynchets in Derbyshire', Derbyshire Archaeological Journal. Volume 50. p99.
- <2> SDR813 Aerial Photograph: 1957.
- <3> SDR6198 Personal Observation: F1 FDC 02-MAR-66.
- <4a> SDR14107 Index: NDAT. 1455. 1455.
- <4b> SDR4925 Bibliographic reference:
- <4c> SDR4926 Bibliographic reference:
- <4f> SDR4927 Bibliographic reference:
- <4e> SDR4929 Bibliographic reference:
- <4d> SDR5005 Bibliographic reference:
- <4h> SDR5011 Bibliographic reference:
- <4g> SDR9246 Bibliographic reference: London Lead Company.
- <5> SDR644 Scheduling record: English Heritage. 1998. Scheduling Notification. 30943. 414. Cat. No.: 414.
- <6> SDR18971 Photograph: Peak District National Park Authority (PDNPA). Slide Collection. 1976:12711.1.
- <7> SDR19821 Bibliographic reference: Barnatt, J. 2004. An Inventory of Regionally & Nationally Important Lead Mining Sites in the Peak District. Vol. 2: Corpus of Sites. p 131-2, site no. 98.
- <8> SDR22254 Unpublished document: Burrow, L (PDNPA). 2008. Scheduled Monument Monitoring Form: Mount Pleasant lead mines, immediately south of Wensley.
|Grid reference||Centred SK 261 607 (658m by 565m) (Centre)|
|Civil Parish||SOUTH DARLEY, DERBYSHIRE DALES, DERBYSHIRE|
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Record last edited
Apr 29 2015 3:37PM